Map Reveals Dark Matter Clumps

Data from the Hubble Space Telescope has been used to generate a spatial map demonstrating the clumped substructure of dark matter inside clusters of galaxies. Clusters of galaxies (about a million, million times the mass of our sun), are typically made up of hundreds of galaxies bound together by gravity. About 90 percent of their mass is dark matter. The rest is ordinary atoms in the form of hot gas and stars.

Although little is known about it, cold dark matter is thought to have structure at all magnitudes. Theoretical models of the clumping properties were derived from detailed, high resolution simulations of the growth of structure in the Universe. Although previous evidence supported the “concordance model” of a Universe mostly composed of cold, dark matter, the predicted substructure had never been detected.

In the study – appearing in Astrophysical Journal Letters – researcher Priyamvada Natarajan at Yale and her colleagues demonstrated that, at least in the mass range of typical galaxies in clusters, there is an excellent agreement between the observations and theoretical predictions of the concordance model. Using gravitational lensing made it possible for the observers to visualize light from distant galaxies as it bent around mass in its way. This allowed the researchers to measure light deflections that indicated structural clumps in the dark matter.

“We used an innovative technique to pick up the effect of precisely the clumps which might otherwise be obscured by the presence of more massive structures,” said Natarajan. “When we compared our results with theoretical expectations of the concordance model, we found extremely good agreement, suggesting that the model passes the substructure test for the mass range we are sensitive to with this technique. We think the properties of these clumps hold a key to the nature of dark matter – which is presently unknown. The question remains whether these predictions and observations agree for smaller mass clumps that are as yet undetected.”

, ,

Comments are closed.

PYRITE crystal clumps Small (12 -18mm) bulk stones  1 lb picture

PYRITE crystal clumps Small (12 -18mm) bulk stones 1 lb

$7.40



Mesemb Plant--Conophytum obcordellum CR1408--Large Clump w/ Pods picture

Mesemb Plant--Conophytum obcordellum CR1408--Large Clump w/ Pods

$34.99



Sawgrass and Palmetto Clumps Everglades Of Florida FL UNP Chrome Postcard picture

Sawgrass and Palmetto Clumps Everglades Of Florida FL UNP Chrome Postcard

$2.95



Birches Trees Clumps on the lake Vactionland Scene Postcard 1 Cent Stamp 1950's picture

Birches Trees Clumps on the lake Vactionland Scene Postcard 1 Cent Stamp 1950's

$4.04



Everglades of Florida Sawgrass & Palmetto Clumps stretch to the Horizon  picture

Everglades of Florida Sawgrass & Palmetto Clumps stretch to the Horizon

$4.04



Mesemb Plant--Conophytum obcordellum 'spectable'--Large Clump w/ Pods picture

Mesemb Plant--Conophytum obcordellum 'spectable'--Large Clump w/ Pods

$29.99



Succulent Plant--Crassula 'Emerald'--Large Clump picture

Succulent Plant--Crassula 'Emerald'--Large Clump

$14.99



PYRITE crystal clumps Small (12 -18mm) bulk stones  1/2 lb picture

PYRITE crystal clumps Small (12 -18mm) bulk stones 1/2 lb

$4.95



Sawgrass & Palmetto Clumps Stretch to the Horizon, the Everglades, Florida, 1964 picture

Sawgrass & Palmetto Clumps Stretch to the Horizon, the Everglades, Florida, 1964

$3.99



VTG Chrome c.1955 Clump Of White Birch Trees Autumn Scene L.L. Cook Milwaukee Wi picture

VTG Chrome c.1955 Clump Of White Birch Trees Autumn Scene L.L. Cook Milwaukee Wi

$4.45



Powered by WordPress. Designed by WooThemes