Could suicide be a variant of an evolutionarily adaptive set of behaviors?

Snapping shrimp, naked mole rats, ants, honeybees, and humans – what do they all have in common? They all share a similar colony-like organizational system that biologists have termed eusociality. Eusocial species have been remarkably successful in both surviving and thriving through the use of colony-level cooperation.

One cooperative behavior used by all eusocial species is the self-sacrifice of individuals to defend the colony. For example, a eusocial bee may sting a predator to stop an attack but die in the process. This same self-sacrificial tendency is seen among humans across cultures and time periods, including among military recruits, first responders, and parents.

Now, in an article recently published in Psychological Review, researchers argue that a tendency towards self-sacrifice among humans is adaptive in some situations – for instance, a firefighter willingly risking his or her life to save someone from a burning building.

However, when individuals mistakenly view their own deaths as being worth more than their lives, results can be needlessly lethal. Specifically, the authors propose a framework in which suicide is viewed as a tragic variant of what typically serves as an adaptive tendency towards self-sacrifice among humans.

Evidence for this framework can be seen in the numerous striking parallels between eusocial self-sacrificial behaviors among non-humans and death by suicide in humans. As one example, insects often become highly agitated prior to sacrificing themselves to defend their colony. Similarly, extreme overarousal and sleep problems are typically seen immediately prior to death by suicide among humans.

These parallels in behaviour, say the authors, point to the possibility that suicide is one unfortunate step away from adaptive sacrificial behaviors. So when do individuals take this tragic step? According to the article, when individuals believe that others or society as a whole will be better off without them, they miscalculate the worth of their lives and conclude that their deaths will be more valuable. This misperception, in conjunction with a tendency toward self-sacrifice, may then result in the individual’s death by suicide. This represents a devastating variant of what otherwise is an adaptive tendency.

Although research is needed to test this novel framework, these ideas are an important step towards demystifying the phenomenon of suicide and furthering suicide prevention efforts. This framework may ultimately inform our ability to identify individuals at acute risk for suicide and aid in the development of new clinical interventions.

Related:
Discuss this article in our forum
Psychedelic use associated with decreased suicidal thinking, say researchers behind new study
Blood test could identify those at risk of suicide
Toxoplasmosis linked to suicide attempts

Source: American Psychological Association

, , ,

Comments are closed.

Pop Movies: Suicide Squad - Harley Quinn Damaged Dress #1111 picture

Pop Movies: Suicide Squad - Harley Quinn Damaged Dress #1111

$12.79



Funko Pop Heroes: Suicide Squad - Harley Quinn Vinyl Figure picture

Funko Pop Heroes: Suicide Squad - Harley Quinn Vinyl Figure

$15.00



Suicide Squad Vol. 7: The Dragon's Hoard picture

Suicide Squad Vol. 7: The Dragon's Hoard

$4.21



SUICIDE SQUAD #6 Natali Sanders Minimal Trade - CBCS 9.8 - SIGNED by Sanders picture

SUICIDE SQUAD #6 Natali Sanders Minimal Trade - CBCS 9.8 - SIGNED by Sanders

$100.00



Funko POP Movies: Suicide Squad HARLEY QUINN Figure #97 w/ Protector picture

Funko POP Movies: Suicide Squad HARLEY QUINN Figure #97 w/ Protector

$16.95



Funko Pop Heroes Suicide Squad Dr. Harleen 135 Walmart Exclusive picture

Funko Pop Heroes Suicide Squad Dr. Harleen 135 Walmart Exclusive

$34.95



Lot 2 Blackest Night Suicide Squad #67 Starman #81 See Pics $5.99 Unlimited Ship picture

Lot 2 Blackest Night Suicide Squad #67 Starman #81 See Pics $5.99 Unlimited Ship

$14.99



Superman 4 (1987) VF+ 1st/First Bloodsport Suicide Squad John Byrne picture

Superman 4 (1987) VF+ 1st/First Bloodsport Suicide Squad John Byrne

$9.99



Suicide Squad #6 * NM+ * Natali Sanders Trade Dress Variant Harley Quinn 🔥🔥🔥 picture

Suicide Squad #6 * NM+ * Natali Sanders Trade Dress Variant Harley Quinn 🔥🔥🔥

$29.00



Funko Soda Harley Quinn Suicide Squad Sealed picture

Funko Soda Harley Quinn Suicide Squad Sealed

$20.95



Powered by WordPress. Designed by WooThemes