RARE "Theory of Evolution" Homer W. Smith Hand Signed 5.5X3 Card For Sale

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RARE "Theory of Evolution" Homer W. Smith Hand Signed 5.5X3 Card:
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Up for sale a RARE! "Theory of Evolution" Homer W. Smith Signed 5.5X3 Card. 


ES-8741

 Homer William Smith (January 2, 1895

– March 25, 1962) was an American physiologist and science writer known

for his experiments on the kidney and philosophical writings

on natural history and

the theory of evolution. Smith was born in Denver, and three years later, his family moved to Cripple Creek, Colorado,

which was included in both the Cripple

Creek miners' strike of 1894 and the Colorado Labor Wars of 1903–04. He had a stutter from

about the age of five, to which he attributes his introspectiveness.[1] Smith's mother died by the time he was seven;

he had five older siblings at the time, the oldest of which was 26. Smith

describes his father as "of the generation that had one foot still planted

in religious tradition, the other planted in

irreligious rationalism. ... For his mixed sentiment

and skepticism my father paid off his conscience by generous hospitality, and

any minister of any gospel was welcome at his table." At the age of

eleven, while Smith had the measles, his father built him a shed in

which he could conduct scientific experiments; these involved chemistry and microbiology, as well as the use of a vacuum tube, and Tesla Referral coil. He also dissected cats, which fueled his

interest for biology and diminished his faith in anthropocentrism. As a result of the apathy he felt following

the sinking of the RMS Titanic on

April 15, 1912, he set out on a philosophical quest of reading and writing with

a renewed focus towards scholarship. Smith received his D.Sc in 1921 from Johns

Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. From 1928

until his retirement in 1961 he was the Professor of Physiology and Director of

the Physiological Laboratories at New York University School of Medicine. Smith was a leader in

the field of renal physiology. His

elegant experiments on the kidney in the 1930s proved beyond any doubt that it

operated according to physical principles, both as a filter and a secretory

organ, eliminating the last vestige of vitalism in physiology. He used inulin (at the same time as A. N. Richards) to

measure how much kidney filtrate is formed. His book The Kidney:

Structure and Function in Health and Disease (1951) was an

authoritative summary of what was known at that time. Komongo or, the

Lungfish and the Padre (1932) takes place in the Suez Canal where a scientist returning to the United

States with a cargo of lungfish for kidney experiments delivers a monologue to

an Anglican Minister on how evolution shapes organisms. The book, after being personally

rejected by Alfred A. Knopf, was

accepted by Viking Press. It was

became a Book of the Month, was

included in The Woollcott Reader (1935),

and republished as a Pocket Overseas Edition for the troops during World War II, and then made a monthly selection by the Natural

History Book Club. For the latter republication, the book had to be reset, as

the original plates had been donated during the metal shortages of 1943–44.

Smith desired to make changes to the book, which the publisher gave him a week

to make. The manuscript for Man and His Gods (1952),

which Smith describes as "a simple story of man's changing ideas about

himself and his place in nature," was declined by several publishers and

reduced from about 275,000 to 250,000 words before it was accepted by Little, Brown and Company. The publisher made further cuts for

length, which Smith approved of. It considers "man's ideas about the

supernatural in the perspective of the evolution of western theology and

philosophy from the ancient Egyptians to

the nineteenth century", culminating in Darwin's theory of

evolution and the reaction to

it, including the thoughts of Thomas Henry Huxley and

the relationship of modern thought to that of Locke, David Hume and Immanuel Kant ]Albert Einstein says in the foreword: The work is a

broadly conceived attempt to portray man's fear-induced animistic and mythic

ideas with all their far-flung transformations and interrelations. It relates

the impact of these phantasmagorias on human destiny and the causal

relationships by which they have come to be crystallized into organized

religion. This is a biologist speaking whose scientific training has

disciplined him in a grim objectivity rarely found in the pure historian. From

Fish to Philosopher (1953) explains how evolutionary history accounts

for the seemingly bewildering mammalian kidney, in which water, salts, and

small molecules are filtered from the blood into kidney tubules and then much

of the water and salt and many of the small molecules are pumped back into the

blood stream. He argues that vertebrates originated in fresh water, where water

was drawn into their bodies by the osmotic pressure of their body fluids; their kidneys

excreted the extra water while also retrieving their supply of small solutes. Smith

served on the board of trustees of Science Service, now known as Society for

Science & the Public, from 1952–1955. As a memorial

to Smith in 1963 the New York Heart Association created

the Homer W. Smith Award in Renal Physiology. Additionally, the American

Society of Nephrology established The Homer Smith Award in 1964. The award is

presented annually to an individual who has made outstanding contributions

which fundamentally affect the science of nephrology, broadly defined, but not

limited to, the pathobiology, cellular and molecular mechanisms and genetic

influences on the functions and diseases of the kidney. Homer Smith was married

to Margaret Wilson, who was the daughter of Lily and James Robert Wilson from

Spring City, Tennessee. His son was Homer Wilson Smith.




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