CIVIL WAR COLONEL 1st NH INFANTRY ABOLITIONIST CONGRESSMAN AUTOGRAPH SIGNED VF For Sale
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CIVIL WAR COLONEL 1st NH INFANTRY ABOLITIONIST CONGRESSMAN AUTOGRAPH SIGNED VF :
MASON WEARE TAPPAN
(1817 – 1886)
CIVIL WAR COLONEL and COMMANDER of the 1st NEW HAMPSHIRE INFANTRY RAISED BY TAPPAN in RESPONSE to PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S CALL to ARMS,
ANTI-SLAVERY ABOLITIONIST REPUBLICAN CONGRESSMAN FROM NEW HAMPSHIRE 1855-1861,
NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE ATTORNEY GENERAL 1876-1886
MEMBER OF THE NEW HAMPSHIRE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1853-1855!
On the call of President Lincoln for 75,000 volunteers for three months, Col. Tappan was one of the first men in the State to enlist. When the First Regiment was being organized he was regarded by almost everybody who knew him as the proper person to take command of it, and was accordingly appointed and commissioned Colonel by Governor Goodwin. As a commander he was patriotic, brave, thoughtful and kind to his officers and men, and respected by all!
HERE’S TAPPAN’S SIGNATURE REMOVED FROM A 19th CENTURY AUTOGRAPH ALBUM and SIGNED
“Mason W. Tappan~
Bradford N. H.”
The document measures 5” x 2” and is in VERY FINE, CONDITION!!
A FINE ADDITION TO YOUR CIVIL WAR ERA NEW HAMPSHIRE POLITICAL HISTORY AUTOGRAPH, MANUSCRIPT & EPHEMERA COLLECTION!
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH of the HONORABLE
MASON W. TAPPAN
Mason Weare Tappan (October 20, 1817 – October 25, 1886) was a New Hampshire state representative, a U.S. Congressman from 1855 to 1861, a colonel during the American Civil War and the New Hampshire Attorney General.
He was born in Newport, New Hampshire, and grew up in Bradford. He attended private schools and the Hopkinton and Meriden academies. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1841 and commenced practice in Bradford.
Tappan served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives 1853-1855. He was elected as an American Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress and reelected as a Republican to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1861). While in Congress, he served as chairman, Committee on Claims (Thirty-sixth Congress). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1860.
During the Civil War, he served as colonel of the 1st New Hampshire Infantry, a three-month regiment raised in 1861 in response to President Abraham Lincoln's call to arms. He mustered out in August 1861.
Tappan died in office as the New Hampshire Attorney General at the age of 69. He is buried in Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Bradford, New Hampshire.
NEW HAMPSHIRE VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.
By STEPHEN G. ABBOTT, Chaplain and Historian First
Regiment New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry.
WHEN President Lincoln called for 75,000 men for three
months to suppress the Rebellion, New Hampshire responded with
an alacrity unsurpassed by any of the States. The proclamation
was issued the 15th of April, 1861. Enlisting stations were
immediately improvised, and between the 17th and the 30th not
less than 2,004 men were enrolled.
The residue, after filling the First Regiment, were given
their choice to enlist in the Second Regiment or serve out
their time of three months as the garrison of Fort Constitution
at Portsmouth harbor. Four hundred and ninety-six enlisted in
the Second Regiment, and the remainder were sent to Fort
The First Regiment rendezvoused at Concord on the Fair
Grounds of the Merrimack County Agricultural Society on the
east side of Merrimack river, the camp being christened "Camp
Union." But a few days passed before the material of the
regiment was crystalized into a completely appointed and
equipped organization. A contract for fifteen army wagons
and one hospital ambulance was placed with the firm of Lewis
Downing & Son, of Concord. A supply of horses, averaging in
cost $125, was speedily purchased, and the contract for
harnesses was filled by James R. Hill, of Concord. So well,
thoroughly, and expeditiously was this work performed, that on
the 14th day of May, just fifteen days after his appointment,
Quartermaster Batchelder informed the colonel that the regiment
was uniformed, armed, and equipped, and field transportation
for tents, baggage, and supplies was ready.
From the 1st to the 7th of May the regiment was mustered
into the service of the United States. Baldwin's Cornet Band,
of Manchester, under the leadership of Edwin T. Baldwin,
joined the regiment early in May, and served until the regiment
was mustered out; but as the law made no provision for
regimental bands, the members were not mustered in until
vacancies occurred in companies, when they were mustered in as
privates or company musicians but continued to do duty in the
On the 25th of May, after appropriate public ceremonies,
the regiment boarded the cars for Washington amidst the adieus
and cheers of a vast concourse of citizens. At Manchester and
Nashua it was greeted with similar demonstrations. An almost
continuous ovation was tendered the regiment en route to
Worcester, where it received a right royal welcome and was
served to a princely repast.
The regiment arrived at New York, May 26, where it was
received by 450 citizens, all sons of New Hampshire, and
presented by them with an elegant silk flag.
The regiment arrived in Baltimore on May 27, and marched
through the city to the Camden station to the tune of " Yankee
Doodle," the first national air played in the streets of the
city after the passage of the Massachusetts Sixth.
The regiment arrived in Washington at 1.30 o'clock A. M.,
May 28, and in the morning marched to "Kalorama," their
camping ground, named " Camp Cameron." It was reviewed
from the porch of the White House by the President, who soon
after sent a special messenger to the camp to inform the
colonel that his was the best appointed regiment that had thus
far come into Washington.
In anticipation of Confederate forces at Leesburg, Va.,
crossing the river into Maryland, a brigade was formed and
placed under the command of Col. Charles P. Stone, consisting
of the First New Hampshire Volunteers, Ninth New York
Volunteers, First Pennsylvania Volunteers, four battalions of
District of Columbia Volunteers, and a small force of cavalry
and artillery, with orders to march up the river, take
possession of Edward's Ferry and Conrad's Ferry, and guard the
river. On June 10 the brigade marched to Rockville, Md., and
after a short rest on the Montgomery County Fair Grounds,
christened "Camp Lincoln," on the 14th proceeded to Poolsville,
arriving there June 15. Four companies of the First were
sent to Conrad's Ferry, four miles from Poolsville, and from
this point the river was guarded for many miles during the
July 3 the regiment marched to the Monocacy, eight miles,
where it spent the Fourth, naming the locality "Camp Goodwin."
On the 5th the regiment marched to Point of Rocks, six miles,
giving the camp the name of "Camp Berry." From this point the
tents and unnecessary baggage were sent to Frederick, Md., and
the regiment resumed its march to Williamsport, passing through
Sharpsburg and Sandy Hook, opposite Harper's Ferry, arriving at
that place July 7, twenty-four miles from Point of Rocks.
The next morning the brigade marched for Martinsburg, Va.,
twelve miles, arriving there about noon of the same day, where
it joined the Army of the Shenandoah under the command of
General Patterson, making an army of about 25,ooo.
The approaching battle of Bull Run rendered it eminently
important that General Johnston should be intercepted and
prevented from joining in the engagement. This work was
intrusted to General Patterson, but for reasons which may never
be explained, instead of receiving in the morning marching
orders, it was suddenly decided that there should be no
movement until further orders. A subsequent investigation of
the matter resulted in the supersedure of General Patterson by
Gen. N. P. Banks.
On Monday morning, the 15th of July, the entire command,
consisting of twenty-seven regiments and six hundred wagons,
were on the march. The wildest enthusiasm prevailed among the
troops when they found themselves on the road to Winchester.
Bunker Hill, ten miles from Martinsburg, was reached about 2
o'clock the same day, and all were elated with the prospect of
soon standing between General Johnston and the enemy at
Manassas. The day was spent with only a feeble reconnaissance
in the direction of Winchester, when on the morning of the 17th
a retreat was commenced to Charlestown, twelve miles further
removed from Winchester. The camp at Charlestown was
christened "Camp Whipple." On the night of the 20th the first
intelligence of fighting at Bull Run was received and was
confirmed the next morning. July 21 the division marched to
Harper's Ferry, six miles, and encamped on
On the 24th Gen. N. P. Banks arrived on the ground, and
much to the joy of the army--at least of the First New
Hampshire Regiment--relieved General Patterson.
On the 28th of July the First Regiment New Hampshire
Volunteers moved across the river and went into camp. On the
second day of August their term of enlistment expired, and they
made no delay in embarking on board the cars for home. They
were paid off and mustered out, mostly on the 8th of August,
and discharged at Concord.
The First Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers did no
fighting, excepting the exchange of shots at intervals for two
days across the river at Conrad's Ferry. In this affray none
of our men were hit. The rebels admit one captain and two
privates killed and about twelve wounded. The regiment,
however, did a large amount of guard duty, a service, which,
though unattended with much eclat, may have accomplished as
great good as a victory on the field of blood and carnage. The
regiment did faithfully all that was required of it.
If, as a regiment, its history is meagre, its individual
members have an enviable record. Not less, probably, than five
hundred members re-enlisted in subsequent military
organizations. The First was represented in every regiment and
every military organization of New Hampshire. Maine, Vermont,
Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and New York regiments contained
more or less members of the New Hampshire First, all of whom
left a record of which the State may well be proud. Many of
them sealed their loyalty and patriotism with their blood, or
returned disabled for life. The names of Whipple, Stevens,
Crosby, Batchelder, Fellows, Hazelton, Bell, Sturtevant,
Clough, Drew, Dudley, and Kelly, as representatives of many
others, will ever have an honorable place in the history of the
Great Rebellion and a large place in the grateful memory of
their fellow citizens.
The First Regiment New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry was
attached to the Department of Washington May 27, 1861; to the
Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Department of Pennsylvania,
July 1O, 1861.
Source: New Hampshire Soldiers & Sailors War of the Rebellion, Ayling
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