"American Geologist" Vincent Ellis McKelvey Signed 2X5 Card For Sale

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"American Geologist" Vincent Ellis McKelvey Signed 2X5 Card:

Up for sale "American Geologist" Vincent Ellis McKelvey Hand Signed 2X5 Card. 



Ellis McKelvey (April

6, 1916 – January 23, 1987) was an American geologist. He was married to Genevieve Bowman McKelvey. They

had one son, Gregory McKelvey of Spokane, Washington. Dr. McKelvey was an earth

scientist who spent 46 years with the United States Geological Survey. Dr. McKelvey was recognized

as an international authority on deep-sea mineral deposits. From 1968 to 1982,

he served as scientific adviser and senior deputy to the United States

delegation to the Law of the Sea Conference

of the United Nations, where

fellow delegates often depended on his ability to render complex scientific

issues into plain English. He joined the Geological Survey, a

branch of the Department of the Interior,

in 1941. He was placed in charge of its explorations for uranium after World War II, was assistant chief geologist for economic and

foreign geology by 1962 and was named senior research geologist three years

later. Dr. McKelvey was named chief geologist of the Geological Survey in

1971 shortly before he became its ninth director, a post he held through 1977. The McKelvey diagram (or box), a visual representation

of how to classify a

particular mineral resource based on the value of its

production (economic, marginal, etc.) and the geologic certainty of its

presence (measured, inferred, hypothetical, etc.), is named after him. In 1971,

after William Thomas Pecora became

Under Secretary of the Interior, Chief Geologist Vincent E. McKelvey, a career

scientist with the Survey since 1941, became Director. McKelvey, a graduate of

Syracuse University with a master[2] and doctorate[3] degrees from the University of Wisconsin, had

served in several research and administrative capacities in the Geological

Survey. He was internationally known for his studies of phosphates, had headed the Survey's program of exploration and

research for the Atomic

Energy Commission for several years, had been deeply involved

in sometimes controversial estimates of long-range energy and mineral-resource

needs, and had most recently been engaged in studies of seabed resources. McKelvey's

term as Director was marked by an increase in multidisciplinary studies and in

the diversity and complexity of Geological Survey operations,

as well as an increased effort to make scientific information acquired through

years of research available in a form most easily used in the solution of such

contemporary problems. In 1973, the Geological Survey moved

its National Headquarters from downtown Washington to a new building designed expressly for its

needs in Reston, Virginia. It took

on primary responsibility for operational research in seismology and geomagnetism by agreement with the National

Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and 10 units of NOAA were

transferred to the Geological Survey. In

1976, Congress transferred jurisdiction of the Petroleum Reserve in Alaska from

the Department of the Navy to the Department of the Interior,

effective June 1, 1977. Responsibility for administration of the continuing

petroleum exploration program on the Reserve and operation of the South Barrow Gas Field was delegated to the Director of the Survey. The new activity

brought with it a 50-percent increase in funds, but most of the increase was

for contractual services. McKelvey was a “cornucopian” who believed that

availability of natural resources such as oil and gas was limited mainly by the

technology used to extract them. But with the election of Jimmy Carter in 1976,

McKelvey found his views out of favor with the administration. In September

1977, the Assistant Secretary of the Interior Joan Davenport called on McKelvey

and asked for his resignation. McKelvey said that he resigned for the good of

the USGS, and told reporters that he had been told that secretary Andrus wanted

to have his own team. This was the only instance in the history of

the USGS that a director was removed because of differences with the

presidential administration. Some USGS employees worried that the Survey’s

science would become politicized. Newspaper editorials in the Wall Street

Journal and other papers defended McKelvey as an outstanding scientist, and

criticized the Carter administration’s unprecedented removal of McKelvey as a

blow to the scientific independence of the USGS. From

1978 until his death at his home in St. Cloud, Florida, Dr.

McKelvey continued to work as senior research geologist for the Geological Survey and

also taught at the Florida Institute of

Technology during the early 1980s. 

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